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2012年10月21日星期日

国家财务管理需重大改革 [High attention to country financial management]

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2011年总稽查司报告》于十月十五日公布,总稽查司丹斯里安比林指政府部门和机构在2011年的财务管理表现有显著的进步,反映了责任指数(IA)激励了公务员积极采取行动,以改善财务的管理。总稽查署对所有的政府部门和机构进行了评估,其中111个部门和机构(31.4%)被评为“非常好"(四星级),相比往年有所进步。这数据反映出了什么现象?我国的财务管理真的进步了吗?涉及的舞弊和贪污案件减少了吗?

虽然政府部门和机构在2011年的财务管理表现有显著的进步,但是,各种匪夷所思的弊端仍层出不穷。政府部门在金钱管理上还是有缺陷,而且一些过去存在的问题还是一直发生,例如管理政府建筑物、用具的使用,以及合约等方面。为何同样的问题依旧发生呢?政府似乎没有采取任何实际行动来对症下药,许多政府官员都不把总稽查司报告当作一回事!久而久之,大多数所谓证据确鉴的案件都不了了之,而且老毛病依旧重 蹈覆辙。我们要的是透明化、有规划及系统化的管理方式。政府需要彻底的改革,将那些不顾民怨且继续挥霍国家资源的官员绳之于法,给人民一个合理的交代!

2011年槟州财政盈余创下有史以来的最高纪录,即1亿3831万令吉,比2010年高出312.4%。联邦政府和其他州政府应该向槟州政府取经,致力于减低债务,并以更透明和有效率的方式来管理财务,进一步杜绝贪污和资源浪费的案件。其中,槟州政府采用了公开招标的系统,有别于闭门式的谈判,这使政府能以较低的费用来换取更有素质的服务和物品。政府领导人公开个人资产,让人民监督他们的表现,也避免滥用职权来捞取利益的事件发生。

从《2011年总稽查司报告》 中,我们看到了许多破绽及管理上的疏忽,然而总稽查司报告所揭露的问题没有得到解决方案,反贪会调查的案件属于少数,过程也进行得缓慢,更重要的是缺乏良好防范措施和严谨的管理,导致问题一再地发生。国债逐年不停地在上升,去年更攀升至4561亿2千万令吉的历史新高,占了国内生产总值的51.77%.。这样的情况若继续下去,国家可能会入不敷出而宣布破产,我们不希望成为下一个欧猪四国,政府是时候反省了!到了 2020年,马来西亚将成为先进的的破产国家或破产的先进国?

国家的财务管理需要得到朝野领袖的重视,纳吉领导的政府必须有更大的决心和政治勇气来进行改革,让人民的每一分钱都用在对的地方。政府必须须向表现欠佳的部门与官员采取行动,并给予优秀的部门适当的奖励。只有妥善的资源管理,提倡问责制度和将财务管理透明化,我国的财务状况才有望走向健康的水平。

国大华裔学生理事会署
联络人:黄绍敏 国大华裔学生理事会主席 017-9139633             
林凯豪 国大华裔学生理事会外务副主席 016-9409010
http://www.sinchew.com.my/node/265472?tid=1


The financial management of government agencies for 2011 recorded a better performance compared with 2010, which showed that the IA has motivated the civil servants to be initiative in taking measures to improve the financial management, said Auditor-General Tan Sri Ambrin Buang. The National Audit Department has evaluated all government departments and agencies, 111 (31.4%) of them are rated as “very good” (4 star). Has the financial management of the government really enhanced? Do cases of malpractice and corruption reduced?
Although the financial management of the government for 2011 has recorded a significant improvement, unthinkable abuses are still emerging. However, the financial management of government agencies are defective and some old problems keep happening. For instance, administration of government building, usage of tools, contracts and so on. Why are the same problems repeating? The government seems not to think highly of them and a lot of civil servants just make it easy. As time goes by, majority of the so-called cases with solid evidence are left unsolved and old troubles fall into the same rut. What we need is a transparent, organized and systematic way of supervision. A thorough reformation is needed! Officers who continue wasting the country resources are ought to be dealt according to law! A reasonable explanation must be made to the people!
Penang fiscal surplus in 2011 hit the highest ever which is RM 1.3831 billion, 312.4% higher than in 2010. The federal and other state government should learn from the Penang government in efforts of cutting down debts, financial management in a more transparent and effective way as well as to put a stop to corruption and wasting of resources. For example, the Penang state government has applied the open tender system which enables the government to gain services and goods with better quality, if compared to closed negotiation. The country leaders should make their personal assets so that the people could supervise their performance and avoid abuse of power.

From the 2011 Auditor-General’s Report, a great number of weaknesses and mismanagement are obvious, yet problems disclosed in the report are not provided with solutions, cases investigated by the SPR are just the minority, and in a very slow progress and more importantly, lack of strict supervision which cause same issues recurring. National debts are increasing year by year and even hit a record high of RM 4.561 hundred billion that is 51.77% of the GDP. If such condition persists, the country might have had to declare bankruptcy as a result of it having a large mouth but small girdle. Time for introspection! We would never want to be like the P.I.G.S! Upon 2020, would Malaysia be an advanced bankrupt country or a bankrupt advanced one?  

The financial management of the country should be paid high attention by all leaders, no matter ruling or opposition parties. The government led by Dato’ Seri Najib should have greater determination and political courage to initiate a reformation so that every single cent utilized is worthy. The government should also take action against departments and officers that perform poorly and appropriate merit be given to those with good performance. Only by promoting proper resource management, accountability system and transparent financial supervision, financial performance of our country will ever get back to a healthy index. 

By Chinese Community Council (CCC) UKM
Contact Person: Siew Mun: President of CCC UKM 017-9139633             
 Kai Hau: Vice President (External Affairs) of CCC UKM 016-9409010


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